Energy units instead of cubic meters of gas and what determines the quality of natural gas?
Why did the Regulator introduce the measurement of gas in energy units and what determines the quality of natural gas supplied to consumers?
On January 26, the National Commission for Energy and Utilities adopted the resolution №84 "On amendments to certain resolutions of the National Commission for Energy and Utilities on the introduction of energy units on the market of natural gas."
The document obliges operators of local gas distribution networks (GDS operators - regional gas companies) to specify in the bills, in addition to volume, the amount of energy consumed in three units - kilowatt-hours (kWh) gigacalories (Gcal) and megajoule (MJ).
Now, each consumer will be receiving bills specifying the quality of gas that is delivered specifically to them. However, domestic consumers will continue paying for volume.
In addition, by the end of February, all GDS operators must start publishing physical and chemical parameters of gas on their sites.
In other words, every consumer should see all the physical and chemical properties of the gas consumed and its energy value in three units.
BiznesCensor prepared answers to questions about the quality of gas for Ukrainian consumers.
What you need to know the amount of gas energy
Ukraine buys gas in Europe, where it has long been measured in energy units, rather than volume. It is calorific value of gas.
According to the Resolution of the Cabinet №758, which regulates gas supply to the population, its price shall be determined according to the data of the agency Platts European Gas Daily on the price of gas at the German hub NetConnect Germany (NCG).
The price is published in euros per MWh per thousand cubic meters, not per volume, as it is usually done in Ukraine. For example, in November, gas price at the NCG was 17.7 euros per 1 MWh.
In addition to MWh, which we measure energy with, British thermal units (Btu) are specified in the quotes of the European agency.
These figures can easily be handled if you know that one thousand cubic meters of European gas is equal to about 9.5 - 10 MWh. So, a thousand cubic meters in November 2016 would cost 170 - 180 Euros.
In Ukraine, the electricity is measured in kWh and heating - in Gcal. Thus, any consumer can convert the energy of the consumed gas into electricity or heat energy. This will allow to compare costs and choose the most economical option.
More information can be found HERE.