How Transcarpathians lived under the rule of Czechoslovakia - rare photos of 1919-1938 (PHOTOS)
Gazeta.ua offers you a collection of rare photographs of Transcarpathian Ukraine under the rule of Czechoslovakia in 1919-1938.
After the defeat in World War I, Austro-Hungarian empire disintegrated into several states. Ukrainian Transcarpathia was in a particularly difficult situation. For almost a thousand years, it had been under the rule of Hungary that still claimed its rights to it. Nevertheless, Transcarpathian Ukrainians (Ruthenians) wanted to unite with the Ukrainian People's Republic and West-Ukrainian People's Republic.
The Versailles system led to another unfair division of the world, as a result of which, Transcarpathia, under St. Germain and Trianon peace treaties of 1919, was transferred to Czechoslovakia as an autonomy.
The life of Ukrainians in Czechoslovakia, one of the most democratic countries of the time, was significantly different from the conditions of life of the Ukrainian population in Poland and Romania. A striking contrast to these states was that in the economic sphere Czech government invested in Ukrainian-inhabited territory more money than they took from it.
At the same time, as is evident from the photographs, Transcarpathia preserved its traditions in clothing, home life and management system.