Climate change and Transcarpathia: what is, what will be and what to do?
The study on the current status and scenarios of climate change was conducted within the project LOC-CLIM-ACT: LOCAL ACTION ON IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE in the three partner countries of the project. In Transcarpathia, the study entitled "Current and projected climate change, its impacts and consequences in Ukraine, Transcarpathia and Rakhiv district" was prepared by Vira Balabukh, candidate of geographical sciences, senior researcher of Ukrainian Hydrometeorological Institute.
The summary of the research can be download at: http://www.forza.org.ua/fa/files/resume_climatechange_ukr.pdf
The purpose of this study was to estimate current changes of climate system parameters, to identify its impact and effects on economics sectors and to identify possible climatic changes and their impact in the region by mid-twenty-first century to use it in the development of regional strategies of adaptation to climate change.
The study was conducted in two main areas at three levels: Ukraine (overview), Transcarpathian region and Rakhiv district. The first area concerned the study of the current state of climate change and its impacts, the second area covered the review of major climate change scenarios until 2050.
Interestingly, according to the findings of international experts, the region of Central Europe is in "a safe zone" of climate change, which means relatively minor changes in climate parameters (temperature and rainfall) and less threatening forecasts of climate change on future periods. However, each of us can attest that the weather changes we have seen over the past few years and in this one (warm winter, high temperature in summer, extreme temperature drops, dehydration and flooding, etc.) bring us some discomfort and require to adapt to them.
Increase in temperature, especially during the summer period, (by 1,7 ° C) significantly affects the health and well-being of a human, causing increase of disorders that arise from the overheating, increased discomfort during the warm period, aggravation of cardiovascular, respiratory diseases, asthma, allergies.
The climate change, observed in Ukraine and Transcarpathia in the past twenty years, will continue until the mid-twenty-first century. Under the balanced development of society (scenario A1B), further increase of both the average and the maximum and the minimum temperatures throughout the year can be expected in the region. Significant increase in air temperature during transitional seasons may lead to an increase in the duration of the summer season. The duration of the growing season for crops may increase significantly (by 17-22 days). Early beginning of the growing season can pose a threat of late spring frosts affecting plants. Increasing maximum and minimum temperatures in winter, decreasing number of frost days will reduce the duration of winter and its severity.