Transcarpathian autumn by Adalbert Erdelyi, Yosyp Bokshay, Andriy Kotska... (PHOTOS)
Transcarpathia is the land, which is famous for its colorful and clear air, which can be seen on atmospheric paintings of artists of our region.
In autumn, in social networks, they arrange a kind of flashmob, where the news feed is filled with bright yellow, orange and red colors of the golden season..
At one time, the founders of Transcarpathian school of painting would arrange their own kind of "flashmob" through paintings. Like contemporary photographers and painters, they would carture a moment on their pictures which we can now admire and be proud of.
We have gathered together the atmosphere, in which the famous painters of the region such as Adalbert Erdelyi, Yosyp Bokshay, Vasyl Habda, Ferenc Seman and others, created.
Yosyp Bokshay, Ukrainian Soviet painter, Honored Artist of the USSR, Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Arts, People's Artist of Ukraine, and 3 years later of the Soviet Union. He was an extraordinary landscape painter, probably he loved to paint autumn most of all, as his paintings of this season are very atmospheric.
He was born in the village of Kobyletska Polyana in a Hungarian family. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Budapest (1910 - 1914), his teacher was Imre Revesz. Since 1918 he worked in Uzhgorod as an artist and a teacher. Bokshay paid much attention to artistic education of young people. When he was teaching he preferred not to explain but to show (this was told by the People's Artist of Ukraine Ivan Shutyev). Yosyp Bokshay is one of the founders of the Transcarpathian school of painting.
Adalbert Erdelyi is another founder of the Transcarpathian school of painting. And also he was the first director of Uzhgorod College of Applied Arts, one of the organizers and the first Head of the Transcarpathian Regional Organization of the National Union of Artists of Ukraine in 1946.
He was born in the village of Zahattya, now in Transcarpathian region. He studied at the Budapest Academy of Arts. He taught drawing at the Mukachevo school, the teachers' seminary in Uzhgorod and in the Uzhgorod College of Applied Arts.
Fedir Manaylo Ukrainian painter, People's Artist of Ukraine, member of the National Union of Artists of Ukraine since 1946. He was born in the family of a village teacher in the village of Ivanivtsi (Mukachevo district)
For 6 years he was studying in the higher art-industrial school in Prague. In 1930 he visited France. As gifted and talented artist, he exhibited his works there at the exhibition of Transcarpathian artists (in 1933).
He worked in the field of monumental and decorative painting, was among the initiators of the Transcarpathian Museum of Folk Architecture and Uzhgorod College of Applied Arts. Also he was one of the first artists of the House of Folk Art, Transcarpathian Ukrainian Music and Drama Theatre, Regional Philharmonic, graphic artists of the "Karpaty" publishing house. He is also remembered as advising artist of the Parajanov's famous film "Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors". Also, Fedir Manaylo revived an ancient folk art - decorating of pumpkins.
Havrylo Hlyuck, Honored Artist of the USSR, was born in Sighetu Marmatiei (Romania).
He studied at the Higher School of Fine Arts in Budapest, then in the Chișinău art school. In 1947, Hlyuck moved to Transcarpathia.
One of the best works of Havrylo Hlyuk, in the opinion of critics, is the painting "Loggers keeping peace", created in 1950.
The work that brought Hlyuk European fame was the painting "Loggers" painted in 1954.
His works are displayed in the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow, the National Art Museum of Ukraine and other museums around the world.
Andriy Kotska is another People's Artist of the USSR, who was born in Uzhgorod. In 1931 A.Kotska graduated from the public drawing school in Uzhgorod, where he received a teacher's degree.
In 1942 he graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts in Rome at the department of monumental painting.
Anton Kashshay was a member of the Union of Artists of Ukraine, Honored Artist of the USSR, and 4 years later he became People's Artist of the USSR (since 1964).
He was born in the village of Dubrynichi, now in Perechyn district. He went to school, where the artist Yosyp Bokshay was teaching. He quickly saw the talent in boy's paintings and began teaching him. Later, the young man met with Adalbert Erdelyi.
Vasyl Gabda is People's Artist of Ukraine. In the opinion of experts, he is one of the top ten artists of Transcarpathian school of painting, he can be called a classic, and also a skillful colorist.
His teachers were well known founders of Transcarpathian school of painting Adalbert Erdelyi, Yosyp Bokshay and Fedir Manaylo. He was born in Uzhgorod and devoted all his adult life to art and family.
Ernest Kontratovych is a member of the Subcarpathian Rus Society of Fine Arts, a member of the National Union of Artists of Ukraine, and since 1991 - People's Artist of the USSR.
He was born in Kalna Rostoka (now Snina District in Slovakia). He graduated from the Uzhgorod teachers' seminary. His teachers were Y. Bokshay and A. Erdelyi.
Zoltan Sholtes is Honored Artist of Ukraine, who was born in the village of Prykopa in Transcarpathia (now Slovakia).
He studied at the Uzhgorod art school (1930 - 1933, class of Y. Bokshay and A. Erdelyi).
Yuri Hertz is People's Artist of Ukraine, laureate of the National Taras Shevchenko Award, laureate of the Regional Yosyp Bokshay and Adalbert Erdelyi Award. He was born into a large peasant family in the village of Lokhovo in Mukachevo district. He studied at the Uzhgorod College of Arts and Crafts.
Ferenc Seman (Echi) is another master that glorified our region in his paintings. He was a Hungarian-born, but lived all his adult life in Uzhgorod. He is a laureate of the International Shimon Holloshi Prize (1991).
He graduated from Uzhgorod College of Arts and Crafts, and later became a non-matriculating student at the Tallinn Art Institute.
He was a member of the creative team that worked in Sedniv. He belonged to the sixties artistic underground. His art is close to that of H.Matisse, P.Picasso, V.Van Gogh.
Those are not all masters who are the founders and successors of the Transcarpathian school of painting. There are also Pavlo Bedzir, Yelizaveta Kremnytska, Adalbert Boretsky and others, whom we remember and, of course, are proud of.
There are also contemporary artists who are just as important for the development and creative impulse of Transcarpathian painting and art in general. They support, follow and continue to remember our founders of the Transcarpathian school of painting.
By the way, in the social network VKontakte, there is a community on the Transcarpathian school of painting, where they have gathered a considerable collection of not only the works of almost all known Transcarpathian artists, but also of photographs from the archives of artists, their open airs, holidays, old photos from trips and their families.
Лариса, власне сам колір і не має вирішального значення для любові до класиків)
Хто цікавиться кольором відвідає музей.
Має значення колорит, гармонія, теми і враження від творів :)
-Колір репродукцій завжди далекий від оригіналу.
Але, дякую за зауваження Кеп)
Колір ілюстрацій далекий від оригіналу. А думка автора про "флешмоб" від класиків -- поза усіляких коментарів...
Дуже цікава й гарно ілюстрована стаття. Які цікаві обличчя наших класиків закарпатської школи живопису..Стиль вбрання, як свідок часу - знаковий..Як це все цікаво - плин часу, життя, історія, мистиецтво..І люди - звичайно..Люди і люди...люди і Люди.. Дякую, Анастасія ) Отримав справжню насолоду від читання та споглядання. Хай щастить!)
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