Farmers are tired of inspections
Farmers complain: now the state is not helping but only interferes. Farmer are already accustomed to cope on their own without the support of the state. If only the "controllers" would not interfere! Over the past two years, frequent and regular inspections of small and medium enterprises by the controlling bodies have become almost the norm. Together with the head of the Transcarpathian Association of Farmers and Private Landowners of Ukraine, Yulia Peleshkey, the "Zamok" tried to figure out why the state does not trust farmers.Today there are over 1,600 farms in Transcarpathia. Of course, many of them are defunct. Currently, the small family and private sector farms are the main manufacturers of most agricultural products.
Therefore it is better to develop hundreds of small farms in the village rather than one large. But Ms. Yulia tries to draw attention to what ails today almost all Ukrainian farmers: "Because of the low value of agricultural production, and the ever growing cost of processing, fertilizers, fuel and lubricants, it is clear that the government should support farmers if it does not want to lose the whole economy sector."Today, government programs to support the industry either exist only on paper, or disappoint the manufacturers. Yulia Peleshkey gave an example: last year the region received UAH 210,000 for concessional lending, the Regional Tender Commission allocated funds between the three farms, all the necessary documents were sent to the capital in time, but in the end, the money never arrived to farmers. And no explanations have been given.
This year is coming to an end. During the first half there was virtually no financing, now only a few programs on cattle breeding partly work.But does an ordinary Transcarpathian farmer want to use these "benefits"? The explanations are the same: complicated procedure of implementation, the uncertainty that the money will be received, and, most importantly, fear of inspections.
This is despite the fact that today 90% of budget funds aimed at supporting agricultural production, are received by one or two dozen oligarchs. And in 2012 more than 5 billion hryvnias were allocated for this purpose. Yulia Peleshkey notes that those households that receive some financial aid from the state, for some reason attract representatives of all kinds of fiscal and regulatory agencies.
The ground for conducting inspections is allegedly Art. 3 of the Decree of the President of Ukraine "On additional measures for strengthening the fight against concealment of untaxed income, and illegally obtained money laundering" dd. 22.06.2000 No 813.Often such "revisions" result in orders for refund, considerable fines.Farmers do not just complain, they prepared their constructive suggestions: it is necessary to clearly define in the legislation who has the right or obligation to check the use of money by farmers. Because, as if it is not enough that everybody is doing it nowdays, after the regional services the district ones come with inspections. Therefore, it is easy to understand why farmers began to refuse from state aid.Today various programs of rural development are being declared, but the main burden on farmers, that makes their work difficult, remains.
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