Plastic, paper, glass bottles, plastic bags – those are products of human activity, which, as a result of inaction, are being accumulated in the environment. Garbage is everywhere. It is in the forest, in the settlements, wherever there are humans. Almost all the plastic that has been ever produced – and it is hundreds of millions of tons – is still in the environment. It takes 450 years for it to begin decomposing, and the very process of decomposition takes another 50-80 years. Every year, plastic debris strangle and kill more than a million birds and 100,000 marine mammals. Forest animals suffer from it too. Animals confuse it with food and swallow. As a result, internal organs get injured that can lead to death.
In the summer, fires often occur in large landfills. They are caused by biogas released by specific bacteria. They decompose organic waste into gas and heat. It pollutes air. What we throw away in other countries is recycled for electricity, heat, biogas and humus. To draw the attention of the public, industrial enterprises to the problem of recycling, the Waste Recycling Day is held every year. In many countries, it is celebrated on November 15 since 1997.
Waste can be given a second life by turning it into a variety of useful things. Some people even manage to build bottle houses. In skilled hands, garbage turns into expensive designer products. But such artists are very few. Most of us are too lazy to even sort the garbage, even though there are separate containers for this in the city, and some people even leave garbage bags outside the doors of their apartment or houses. Children must be taught how to behave in nature, to care for the environment and not pollute it. To this end, on November 11, an exhibition of children’s works made of household waste was opened in the Transcarpathian regional ethnographic museum.
Together with their parents and teachers, children turned plastic, foil, foam into original toys, vases, paintings and flower arrangements. They made dresses of old newspapers and plastic. You can also choose a variety of hats, bags and even jewelry to them. In the museum, children had the opportunity to compete in the environmental quest organized by workers of the nature department and Transcarpathian ecological and naturalistic center. Students performed a variety of tasks, sorted garbage, created artwork, drew their actions to address the common problem of waste management, and more. Despite the young age, children are very well aware of the effects of garbage accumulation in the nature of our region.